In a policy brief, Machrouh puts forward six arguments to support the existence and relevance of such an interest, noting, first, that the project would effectively contribute to the diversification of gas resources of European countries and give them more room to maneuver.
“The visualization of the map of gas pipelines in Europe shows an excessive concentration of supply sources. […] In total, no less than 50% of the gas consumed in the countries of the European Union (EU) come from a single source of supply. This would naturally constitute a dangerous geopolitical weapon that could be used against Europe,” said the specialist in geopolitics and international relations.
He has, in this sense, emphasized the importance for Europe to work for a greater diversification of its gas imports, noting that African gas resources are important and the potential of on-shore and offshore reserves is promising.
In addition, the assistant professor at the Faculty of Governance, Economic and Social Sciences of the University Mohammed VI Polytechnic, and professor of international relations at the National School of Business and Management of Kenitra, stresses that the establishment of the pipeline would participate in the construction of a new generation of measures that would help curb the asymmetrical threats suffered by Europe.
Similarly, the project, adds the specialist, will reduce the risk of replacing European dependence on Russian gas by a dependence on unconventional energy sources with dangerous climatic consequences and would also prevent the emergence of a strong European gas dependence on Algeria.
“The reorganization of the European energy market should be done on a solid and sustainable basis. Such a reorganization should not reproduce the same patterns of the past that have revealed their failure,” said in this sense, Machrouh, adding that the risk of a use of the weapon of gas by the Algerian regime should not be ruled out.
He has, in this sense, recalled two decisions taken by Algeria that demonstrate the use by Algiers of gas as a geopolitical weapon, (closure of the Maghreb / Europe pipeline in late 2021 and the reduction of gas delivered to Spain in 2022), also emphasizing the insecurity factor that marks the area of passage of the pipeline proposed by Algeria.
As for the last two strategic gains for Europe, Machrouh believes that the Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline project would give Europe the opportunity to rebalance its strategic movement from an unproductive horizontal scheme to borrow a vertical scheme true multiplier of its power and would boost a positive dynamic to the process of economic integration in the region of West Africa, which would constitute, in turn, a large consumer market useful for European economies.
Launched in 2016 in Abuja, Nigeria, under the presidency of HM King Mohammed VI, and Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari, the project has entered a new and advanced phase, with the signing, on September 15, of a Memorandum of Understanding between the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Kingdom of Morocco.
The project aims to bring gas resources from Nigeria to Morocco through eleven West African countries, and the connection with the Maghreb Europe Pipeline that crosses the Mediterranean with, ultimately, the interconnection with the European energy network.
The PCNS is a Moroccan think tank whose mission is to contribute to the improvement of public policies, both economic and social and international, that concern Morocco and Africa, integral parts of the global South.